Learning to read.
Age of child: you can learn about 3 – 3.5 years.
The first stage of learning to read is that the child learns to hear and distinguish sounds in words.
The child needs to hear that word is not merely an indivisible whole education and that they are composed of individual sounds. Of different sounds.
The exercises in this section can be completed on-line, but better these exercises alternate . performing every sound that one job, then another. And the baby will be more interesting, and the study of the sounds will be more efficient.
Exercise 1. Teach vowel sounds.
What to pay attention: there are vowel sounds (there are six), and there are letters by which these sounds are indicated by the letter (there was 10 of them: a, u, o, s, and, uh, I, u, e, e), do not confuse them.
Tale of a naughty sound
There was the sound of A.
[Spoken loudly and clearly study the sound: “Ah”] Is a VOWEL sound, because it is easy to pronounce, it sounds like a song.
He lived by himself, and the words that were his houses. For example.
[Spoken words, which you hear this sound, highlighting his voice, for example “m-a-a-A-bus”, “W-a-a-A-PAC”.]
But the sound was very naughty. As soon as it is uttered, he immediately tried to run away and hide. Words because of this, very upset.
Let’s help words, one of whom is trying to escape the sound “a”. For this, we only hear the sound “A” will catch – clapping. As soon as we catch him (orange hands), the sound will return to its place.
Spoken words, in which there is or there is no sound. At first try to allocate study the sound by speaking louder and longer than the others. The kid needs to slap his hands when he heard the word that sound (to catch him), and not to clap, if there is no sound.
The words we choose such, where the sound is heard, or not heard clearly . for example, the word “cow” will not work, because in it the second letter “O” sounds like the sound “a”.
During the exercise, praise the child, encourage him and help, if needed.
If the child does not hear the sound . help you can, for example, the words:
“Lovi-lovi it, I hear he’s already running away, let’s go again listen – m-a-a-A-bus, you hear?”
If the kid slammed it right . then:
“How wonderful you got him”,
“You had time”,
“Great, you brought the sound to the place.”
If you learn one sound, begins to study next. Gradually thus dismantle all five vowel sounds.
Exercise 2. Teach consonant sounds
Also as we taught vowel sounds, learn the consonant sounds: M, N, L, P, W, C, P, and then the other consonants. Telling the tale of a naughty sound, say, “It’s a CONSONANT sound and its hard to sing like a song.
Most importantly: speak not the names of letters and sounds . that is, call the sound “M” and not “EM”, “B”, not “BAE” is very important, be sure to pay attention to it.
Exercise 3. Listen to the sounds.
Find pictures of different toys, animals, things . You can rent them from Board games, cut them from old magazines, or simply to put before the child a picture book.
Let the kid chooses and calls out those that have given you the sound.
Exercise 4. A word game.
Well-known word game . you can play in the car, the train, in line at the clinic. She proves to be very useful for those who are learning to read.
Rules are as follows: the player whose turn it is to walk, comes up and says a word that starts with the last letter of the word, called by the previous participant.
After that, the turn passes to the next player. You can play alone (it’s better if you play with a small child who is still not very well mastered this game), and the company of several people.
For example: Watermelon – Umbrella – Tiger – River – bus a Table, etc.
Help your child if it does not work, but give it time, give him time to think for yourself.
Exercise 5. Find the “extra” word.
The tale of the lost words
There were words. They built their houses, and began to live in them. The words were very many, and, to avoid confusion, who lives where, so they decided: every house will live just the same words .
For example, in one house will live only the word “spoon,” many similar words “spoon”. In another “fork”, a third “sausage”, and so on.
Passing by some houses, it was possible to hear the living word, excitedly shouting: “Spoon, spoon, spoon, spoon, spoon, spoon, spoon. “. So, in this house lived the words “spoon” and a lot of them.
But sometimes the words still were confused, and didn’t come to your house . Then from the house was heard: “Spoon, spoon, CAT, spoon, spoon, spoon. “. This meant that some word is lost and cannot find their way home.
Let’s help those words . To do this we listen to what words are coming from the houses, and if you hear some “extra” word, you will need to call this word . and then it will find the right way home.
So, you say the words, “coming” from the houses. That is, you call a word several times in a row, and then instead of saying more, but similar sounding . the word. For example: spit – spit – spit – spit – goat – Kosa – Kosa.
The kid has to hear the “extra” word and call him. If the child cannot cope, then say the words slowly, clearly, highlighting the sounds that they differ.
Words that can be used in the game: